Home arrow Guide of Íllora arrow Surroundings arrow Ecosistemas: Flora
Ecosistemas: Flora


It filled the Sierra Madrid and Parapanda with tree types of pine trees and some cipres, with a age of 500 years. The first of those is the one that doesn’t support cold and is found at 1000 m it is called pine carrasco afther 1000 m you can find the denne tree and the maritimo tree and after about 1300 m silvester pine trees can be found. At the Sierra Madrid is found an important pine tree mixt at the north face with pine encinas.

The oldest pines can be found in the property of the tower, an postage that sleep-inducing to thousand of torcaces. The remainder of forest vegetation is strictly thicket with oak groves nd coscojales of consideration and there you can find an extension about public ground, at the Tajos de la Pontezuela is a quejigos and a rich sotoforest, although it is dry ground, ruscos (ruscus aculeatus) arces (hacer monspesulanum) adelfillas (blupeurum fruticosum) madreselvas (onicera sp) and jaras (cistus sp) together with a big extension, and finally around the western side of the Sierra M drid we can find rosemary and enebro trees. But without any doubt, the mediterraneo forest is better conserved in the north slope of the SSierra Madrid among the farms of la rosa, el espinar, la noguera and el barranco. There the wood is from oak groves, and no other kind of tree. Other parts of the mountain aren’t on interest of the reader because its not mayor importance. Another ecosystem that you can find in this municipality and has a notable presence are the woods of ribera. This counts on an exceptional representation to the Genil, going by the castle’s bridge. White and black populars and salix sauces together with a ribereña vegetation until villanueva the best soto river of the province, the rest of the streams of the municipality have suffered in great measure the human action, even then, their thickness receive a lot of animals and plants. More used to see around are the low mountains, maquis, garrigas and jarales, which inhabitants no cultivated land which wasn’t transformed by men. At the cerro the horca you can find aulagares and espartales. And at the Zumacal you see the common ferula which lives up as a wood of zumaque. Ruscos arcoes silvester rosesetc, are found. The common ferula was used in order to tan the skin, and that is why it had a nickname called tree of the tenerias. At the north lome of Sierra Madrid, you’ll see olive trees, but mushrooms as well. There are a lot of kinds. The degracion of the woods of Parapanda made people able to put down silvester roses, plants of short tales and the canina rose. The microclimat makes it easy to find mushrooms in wild as soon as it has rained a little, if you know how they look like, cut them, but if you don’t, be careful some of them are poison. Asphodelus, salvias, daphme gnidium, orquis, anacampis, paeonias, irises, etc. A lot of beautiful flowers, this habitat is rich, not only vegetables, but flowers as well. The spring is as beautiful as autumn, the difference is that in spring everything is coming up and in summer the driest time of the year it looks as if they are dying, but then in autumn with the first rainfall you may see them flower again. Mayor time everything is green. Some people do have water reservoirs in order to keep it that way, but normally they dry as well. In autumn the hongus and the mushroom come up with the first rainfall people go to the campsite in order to find them, there are a lot of them in latin named agaricus, lepistas, coprinus, tuber, etc. An other part of no agriculture habits are in extention by men. Although this is true, it must be said that you still may find some on the Parapanda, erinza, spinosa, romarin, tomilho, alecrim, some people go and have a walk and take them home in order to sell them as homopatic therapy, they still believe that this is better than any other medecine. The olive trees are other kind of cultivation introduced by men. Some of them are more then half a century old, and you can find them at la Huerta de Lopera, at Dehesa Alta is a small valley whith old olive trees protect by mushrooms, alegrim and theessee olive treess aarree oowwnneedd by thee autoctona of Íllora, and they are specially adapted to the climat. Different kind of oil is already made called arbequina (oil tapped this year) and marteño (oil which is older than one year).


< Prev   Next >